Human Trafficking Information


The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000* defines
severe forms of trafficking in persons” as:

  • “sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or
  • the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery.”

*Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, Public Law 106.386.Sec 103

Human Trafficking is Modern Day Slavery.


  • 27 million slaves in the world today.
  • Approximately 800,000 to 900,000 people are trafficked across international borders worldwide each year.
  • Between 14,500 and 17,500 people are trafficked into the United
    States each year.
  • Roughly 80% of those considered trafficked are women and


Asking the right questions will help you determine if the person in front of you is a victim of trafficking who needs your help.

(Be aware of trafficker presence.)

  • What type of work are they doing?
  • Were/Are they forced to perform sexual acts?
  • Are they being paid?
  • Is their salary being garnished to pay off a smuggling fee?
  • Is their salary being garnished to pay off living fees (housing, food, clothing)?
  • Can they leave their job situation if they want to?
  • When they are not working, do they have freedom to come and go as they please?
  • Is there a lock on the door or windows so they cannot get out?
  • Have they been threatened with harm if they attempt to leave?
  • Are they in possession of identification and travel documents? If not, who has control of those documents?
  • Are they allowed to socialize or attend religious services?
  • Can they freely contact family and friends?
  • Were they coached on what to say to law enforcement and immigration officials?
  • Were they recruited for one purpose and forced to engage in some other job?
  • Do they have to ask permission to eat, sleep or go to the bathroom?
  • Where do they sleep and eat in relation to work?
  • Have they been deprived of food, water, sleep, medical care or other life necessities?

View our quick guide to learn more about identifying victims of human trafficking.